Compilers

A Performance-Based Comparison of C/C++ Compilers

November 11, 2017

This paper reports a performance-based comparison of six state-of-the-art C/C++ compilers: AOCC, Clang, G++, Intel C++ compiler, PGC++, and Zapcc. We measure two aspects of the compilers’ performance: The speed of compiled C/C++ code parallelized with OpenMP 4.x directives for multi-threading and vectorization. The compilation time for large projects with heavy C++ templating. In addition to measuring the performance, we interpret the results by examining the assembly instructions produced by each compiler. The tests are performed on an Intel Xeon Platinum processor featuring the Skylake architecture with AVX-512 vector instructions.  Colfax_Compiler_Comparison.pdf (562 KB) — this file is available only to registered users. Register or Log In. Table of Contents 1. The Importance of a Good Compiler 2. Testing Methodology 2.1. Meet the Compilers 2.2. Target Architecture 2.3. Computational Kernels 2.4. Compilation Time 2.5. Test Details 2.6. Test Platform 2.7. Code Analysis 3. Results 3.1. Performance of Compiled Code 3.2. Compilation Speed 4. Summary Appendix A. LU [...]

Capabilities of Intel® AVX-512 in Intel® Xeon® Scalable Processors (Skylake)

September 19, 2017

This paper reviews the Intel® Advanced Vector Extensions 512 (Intel® AVX-512) instruction set and answers two critical questions: How do Intel® Xeon® Scalable processors based on the Skylake architecture (2017) compare to their predecessors based on Broadwell due to AVX-512? How are Intel Xeon processors based on Skylake different from their alternative, Intel® Xeon Phi™ processors with the Knights Landing architecture, which also feature AVX-512? We address these questions from the programmer’s perspective by demonstrating C language code of microkernels benefitting from AVX-512. For each example, we dig deeper and analyze the compilation practices, resultant assembly, and optimization reports. In addition to code studies, the paper contains performance measurements for a synthetic benchmark with guidelines on estimating peak performance. In conclusion, we outline the workloads and application domains that can benefit from the new features of AVX-512 instructions.  Colfax-SKL-AVX512-Guide.pdf (524 KB) — this file is available only to registered users. [...]